Formulation of Problems in the Bernoulli–Euler Theory of Anisotropic Inhomogeneous Beams / V. I. Gorbachev and T. M. Mel'nik. // Vestnik Moskovskogo Universiteta. Seriya 1. Matematika. Mekhanika. 2018. № 1. P. 43-52 [Moscow Univ. Mech. Bulletin. Vol. 72, N 2, 2017. P. 11-17].
A procedure of reducing the three-dimensional problem of elasticity theory for a rectilinear beam made of an anisotropic inhomogeneous material to a one-dimensional problem on the beam axis is studied. The beam is in equilibrium under the action of volume and surface forces. The internal force equations are derived on the basis of equilibrium conditions for the beam from its end to any cross section. The internal force factors are related to the characteristics of the strained axis under the prior assumptions on the distribution of displacements over the cross section of the beam. To regulate these assumptions, the displacements of the beam's points are expanded in two-dimensional Taylor series with respect to the transverse coordinates. Some physical hypotheses on the behavior of the cross section under deformation are used. The well-known hypotheses of Bernoulli–Euler, Timoshenko, and Reissner are considered in detail. A closed system of equations is proposed for the theory of anisotropic inhomogeneous beams on the basis of the Bernoulli–Euler hypothesis. The boundary conditions are formulated from the Lagrange variational principle. A number of particular cases are discussed.
Key words: rod, composite materials, elasticity theory, nonuniform anisotropic rods.